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All herbarium specimens of grasses from Madagascar and the surrounding islands: family Poaceae, sector AFM

Latest version published by Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew on Jan 23, 2019 Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

These data published are related to all grass occurrences in Madagascar and the surrounding Islands, held in Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris herbarium (MNHN). They are provided from the specimen collections since 1769 to 2016. We take this opportunity from our BID grasses project (BID-AF2017-0103-SMA) which is funded by GBIF through the European Union funding to compile the information from the transcription of MNHN specimen images. We have done the georeferencing of oldest specimens which did not have any coordinates information by using the website georeferencing tools, the gazetteer of MBG and KMCC and the georeferencing methodology of taxon observation occurrences in the standard elementary exchange data (Vest, 2016)

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 13,968 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 13,968 records in English (832 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (20 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (13 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: ac8e5183-e233-4168-96a5-67541049aa67.  Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Madagascar.

Keywords

Occurrence; Grass; Specimen; Madagascar; Surrounding islands; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Marie Linah Rabarivola
Database Manager/Botanist
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Maria Vorontsova
Research Leader (Grasses) | Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)20 8332 5022
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Botanist and database manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Hélène Ralimanana
Team Manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who filled in the metadata:

Maria Vorontsova
Research Leader (Grasses) | Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology
Royal Botanic Garrdens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)20 8332 5022
Henintsoa Razanajatovo
Database officer
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Velosoa Razafiniary
Database officer
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Botanist and database manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Hélène Ralimanana
Team Manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Solo Hery Rapanarivo
Head of the Flora Department
Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza B.P. 4096 101 Antananarivo Antananarivo MG +261 20 22 311 49
http://www.pbzt.recherche.gov.mg
Content Provider
Marc Pignal
Chargé de mission
MNHN Direction des collections, Case postale 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 43 Paris CEDEX 05 Paris FR +33(0) 1 40 79 33 7777
User
Vololoniaina Jeannoda
Lecturer
University of Antananarivo B.P. 906 101 Ambohitsaina Antananarivo MG +261 32 02 414 88
http://www.univ-antananarivo/faculte-des-sciences
Metadata Provider
Stuart Cable
Madagascar Program Leader
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)208 332 5299
Programmer
Denis Filer
University of Oxford South Parks Road, OX1 3RB Oxford GB +44 (0) 1865 275 129
http://herbaria.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/

Geographic Coverage

Madagascar and the surrounding islands (Comoros, La Reunion, Mauritius, Seychelles, Glorioso Islands, Europa Island,Juan de Nova, Mayotte)

Bounding Coordinates South West [-28.304, 39.551], North East [2.109, 75.234]

Taxonomic Coverage

Poaceae of Madagascar and surrounding islands specimens from MNHN Paris herbarium

Family  Poaceae (Grass, Bozaka)

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 1769 to 2016

Project Data

Grasses are found in various habitats. More than half of Madagascar is grassland with more than 500 endemic, native, or alien species of Poaceae or the family of grass. Unfortunately, most specimens are kept in France in the vascular plant collections of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), not practically available to Madagascan researchers and other stakeholders as internet connections are generally too slow to download the specimen records with images. In the first step of this project, the MNHN herbarium will deliver the relevant specimen images on hard drives to staff at the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre (KMCC) who in turn will train project officers and colleagues from Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza (TAN) and MadBIF in the use of the BRAHMS management system, as well as georeferencing, and data quality control. The project officers created a BRAHMS database of every collection with maximally accurate location data. Working with project partners at the University of Oxford, the team have developed a protocol to transfer data between the RECOLNAT system at MNHN and the local BRAHMS database to return data to the specimen holding institution. During the project the team have also published updated records to GBIF.org using the IPT (integrated Publishing Toolkit) of MadBIF. Using the published data on native species, the project will compile the Grass Atlas of Madagascar. This Atlas will enable KMCC to develop a conservation strategy for valuable endemic grasses, and protected areas with grasslands. The University of Antananarivo will facilitate the Alien Grass National Strategy Workshop. The formulation of the Alien Grass National Strategy will enable identification of invasive species and future management of invasion risks.

Title Alien, native and endemic grasses of Madagascar
Identifier BID-AF2017-0103-SMA
Funding The project is co-funded by the European Union, GBIF and the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
Study Area Description Grasses of Madagascar and the surrounding islands (sector AFM)
Design Description The objectives of this project are to digitize all Madagascar and surrounding islands grass specimens from Paris herbarium, making the updated identification of these grasses specimens from Paris and also from the grass data of TAN herbarium and doing the georeferencing of specimens which are not yet have any coordinates information. For that, we used the website georeferencing tools, the gazetteer of MBG and KMCC and the the georeferencing methodology of occurrences of taxon observation in the standard elementary exchange data (Vest, 2016). At the end of this project, around 14000 data entries with high quality will be published on GBIF portal with one checklist of the Madagascar grasses by using the data from Bosser researches. These data will be published via the MadBIF IPT and an atlas of Madagascar grasses will be provided

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Hélène Ralimanana
Curator
Maria Vorontsova
Content Provider
Henintsoa Razanajatovo
Content Provider
Velosoa Razafiniary
Metadata Provider
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Programmer
Denis Filer
Content Provider
Marc Pignal

Sampling Methods

All grass specimen from Madagascar held at MNHN Herbarium

Study Extent Grass collection from Madagascar and the surrounding islands (from 1769 to 2016)
Quality Control To ensure that the data transferred to GBIF portal has a high quality, the database manager has done weekly a double check of data quality from the database officers. The checked data were gathered in a big database and have been converted into a format compatible to the Darwin Core Terms. We have used BRAHMS tools and open refine for the data cleaning.

Method step description:

  1. Existing records from Dr Maria Vorontsova’s research database and from TAN have been incorporated and reconciled by Dr Maria Vorontsova, Denis Filer and Paris technicians. The resulting compilation of all current data on Madagascar Poaceae and the specimen images were carried to Madagascar by Dr Maria Vorontsova on hard drives. Two data base officers have done the transcription of each collection after getting a training on BRAHMS and georeferencing and data quality control by the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre (KMCC) database manager. The Project officers have created a BRAHMS database of every collection with maximally accurate location data.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Frédéric VEST,2016. Géoréférencement des occurrences d'observation de taxons et représentation cartographique dans Ginco. Version : 0.4 du 09/05/2016
  2. http://www.geonames.org/
  3. http://www.getamap.org
  4. https://www.google.co.za/maps
  5. Gazetteer to Malagasy Botanical Collecting Localities http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/madagascar/gazetteer/
  6. BRAHMS database, Management of Natural History, University of Oxford https://herbaria.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers ac8e5183-e233-4168-96a5-67541049aa67
http://ipt.madbif.mg/resource?r=alien_native_and_endemic_grasses_of_madagascar