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Alien native and endemic grasses of Madagascar

Latest version published by Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew on Jun 11, 2018 Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

These data published are related to all grass occurrences in Madagascar. They are got from the specimens collections since 1837 to date. We take this opportunity from our BID grasses project (BID-AF2017-0103-SMA) which is funded by the European Union and GBIF to compile the information from the transcription of specimen images from the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (MNHN), and this dataset is also from TAN and RBG Kew specimen collections. We tried to georeference the old specimens which did not have any coordinates information.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 5,910 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 5,910 records in English (345 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (47 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: ac8e5183-e233-4168-96a5-67541049aa67.  Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Madagascar.

Keywords

Occurrence; Grass; Native; Endemic; Madagascar; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Marie Linah Rabarivola
Database Manager/Botanist
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Dr Hélène Ralimanana
Team Manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Dr Maria Vorontsova
Research Leader (Grasses) | Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)20 8332 5022
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Botanist and database manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Dr Hélène Ralimanana
Team Manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who filled in the metadata:

Dr Maria Vorontsova
Research Leader (Grasses) | Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology
Royal Botanic Garrdens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)20 8332 5022
Henintsoa Razanajatovo
Database officer
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Velosoa Razafiniary
Database officer
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Botanist and database manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368
Dr Hélène Ralimanana
Team Manager
Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre Lot II J 131 B 101 Ambodivoanjo-Ivandry Antananarivo MG +261202242368

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Dr Solo Hery Rapanarivo
Head of the Flora Department
Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza B.P. 4096 101 Antananarivo Antananarivo MG +261 20 22 311 49
http://www.pbzt.recherche.gov.mg
Content Provider
Dr Marc Pignal
Charge de mission
MNHN Direction des collections, Case postale 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 43 Paris CEDEX 05 Paris FR +33(0) 1 40 79 33 7777
User
Pr Vololoniaina Jeannoda
Lecturer
University of Antananarivo B.P. 906 101 Ambohitsaina Antananarivo MG +261 32 02 414 88
http://www.univ-antananarivo/faculte-des-sciences
Metadata Provider
Stuart Cable
Madagascar Program Leader
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew TW9 3AB TW9 Richmond Surrey GB +44 (0)208 332 5299
Programmer
Denis Filer
University of Oxford South Parks Road, OX1 3RB Oxford GB +44 (0) 1865 275 129
http://herbaria.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/

Geographic Coverage

Madagascar

Bounding Coordinates South West [-25.879, 42.891], North East [-12.039, 50.889]

Taxonomic Coverage

Poaceae of Madagascar specimens from RBG Kew, MNHN Paris and TAN herbarium

Family  Poaceae (Grasses)
Genus  Arachne,  Acroceras,  Agrostis,  Alloteropsis,  Andropogon,  Anthoxanthum,  Aristida,  Arthraxon,  Arundinella,  Avena,  Axonopus,  Bambusa,  Bothriochloa,  Brachiaria,  Brachypodium,  Bromus,  Calamagrostis,  Camusiella,  Cathariostachys,  Cenchrus,  Centotheca,  Cephalostachyum,  Chasechloa,  Chloris,  Chrysopogon,  Coelachne,  Coix,  Craspedorhachis,  Ctenium,  Cymbopogon,  Cynodon,  Cyphochlaena,  Cyrtococcum,  Dactyloctenium,  Daknopholis,  Danthonia,  Decaryella,  Decaryochloa,  Dendrocalamus,  Dichanthium,  Digitaria,  Dimeria,  Diplachne,  Echinochloa,  Eleusine,  Elionurus,  Enneapogon,  Enteropogon,  Eragrostis,  Eriochloa,  Eriochrysis,  Euclasta,  Eulalia,  Festuca,  Hackelochloa,  Helictotrichon,  Hemarthria,  Heteropholis,  Heteropogon,  Hickelia,  Hitchcockella,  Humbertochloa,  Hyparrhenia,  Hyperthelia,  Imperata,  Isachne,  Isalus,  Ischaemum,  Lasiorhachis,  Lecomtella,  Leersia,  Leptaspis,  Leptocarydion,  Leptochloa,  Lepturus,  Loudetia,  Lupturus,  Maltebrunia,  Megastachya,  Megathyrsus,  Melinis,  Merxmuellera,  Microchloa,  Microstegium,  Moorochloa,  Nastus,  Neostapfiella,  Neyraudia,  Ochlandra,  Oldeania,  Olyra,  Oplismenus,  Oryza,  Oxyrhachis,  Panicum,  Paspalidium,  Paspalum,  Pennisetum,  Pentameris,  Pentaschistis,  Peocilostachys,  Perotis,  Perrierbambus,  Phragmites,  Poa,  Poecilostachys,  Pogonarthria,  Pogonatherum,  Pseudechinolaena,  Pseudobromus,  Pseudolasiacis,  Rhynchelytrum,  Rhytachne,  Rottboellia,  Saccharum,  Sacciolepis,  Sartidia,  Schizachyrium,  Schizostachyum,  Sclerodactylon,  Setaria,  Shortglumes,  Sirochloa,  Sokinochloa,  Sorghastrum,  Sorghum,  Sporobolus,  Stenotaphrum,  Stipagrostis,  Styppeiochloa,  Themeda,  Thuarea,  Toliara,  Trachypogon,  Tragus,  Trichanthecium,  Tricholaena,  Trichopteryx,  Tripogon,  Tristachya,  Trycopteryx,  Urelytrum,  Urochloa,  Valiha,  Viguierella,  Vulpia,  Yvesia,  Zoysia

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 1837 to date

Project Data

Grasses are everywhere. More than half of Madagascar is grassland with more than 500 endemic, native, or alien species of Poaceae, the family of grasses. Unfortunately, most specimens are kept in France in the vascular plant collections of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), not practically available to Madagascan researchers and other stakeholders as internet connections are generally too slow to download the specimen records with images. In the first step of this project, the MNHN herbarium will deliver the relevant specimen images on hard drives to staff at the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre (KMCC) who in turn will train project officers and colleagues from Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza (TAN) and MadBIF in the use of the BRAHMS management system, as well as georeferencing, and data quality control. The project officers will create a BRAHMS database of every collection with maximally accurate location data. Working with project partners at the University of Oxford, the team will develop a protocol to transfer data between the RECOLNAT system at MNHN and the local BRAHMS database to return data to the specimen holding institution. The team will also publish updated records to GBIF.org using a process already developed for RECOLNAT, with additional uploads carried out by MadBIF and RBG Kew for their specimens. Using the published data on native species, the project will compile the Grass Atlas of Madagascar. This Atlas will enable KMCC to develop a conservation strategy for valuable endemic grasses, and protected areas with grasslands. The University of Antananarivo will facilitate two Alien Grass National Strategy Workshops. The formulation of the Alien Grass National Strategy will enable identification of invasive species and future management of invasion risks.

Title Alien, native and endemic grasses of Madagascar
Identifier BID-AF2017-0103-SMA
Funding The project is co-funded by the European Union, GBIF and the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
Study Area Description Grasses of Madagascar
Design Description The objects of this project are to digitize and identify the existing grasses specimens from Paris and TAN herbarium and trying to georeferenced the specimens which are not yet georeferenced. At the end of this project, about 12000 data entries with high quality are published on GBIF portal via the MadBIF IPT, an atlas of Madagascar grasses, and national grass strategy are provided .

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Dr Hélène Ralimanana
Curator
Dr Maria Vorontsova
Content Provider
Henintsoa Razanajatovo
Content Provider
Velosoa Razafiniary
Metadata Provider
Marie Linah Rabarivola
Programmer
Denis Filer
Content Provider
Dr Marc Pignal

Sampling Methods

All grass specimen from Madagascar held at K, P and TAN herbarium

Study Extent Grass collection from Madagascar
Quality Control To ensure that the data to be transferred to GBIF portal has a high quality, the database manager has done weekly a double check of data quality from the database officers. The checked data were put together in a big database which will be converted into a format compatible to the DarwinCore.

Method step description:

  1. Existing records from Dr Maria Vorontsova’s research database and from TAN have been incorporated and reconciled by Dr Maria Vorontsova, Denis Filer and Paris technicians. The resulting compilation of all current data on Madagascar Poaceae and the specimen images were carried to Madagascar by Dr Maria Vorontsova on hard drives. Two data base officers have done the transcription of each collection after getting a training on BRAHMS and georeferencing and data quality control by the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre (KMCC) database manager. The Project officers have created a BRAHMS database of every collection with maximally accurate location data.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers ac8e5183-e233-4168-96a5-67541049aa67
http://ipt.madbif.mg/resource?r=alien_native_and_endemic_grasses_of_madagascar